Sunday, August 19, 2012

L.P.R. VARMA


L.P.R.Varma was a very famous Carnatic Music exponent who conducted large number of Carnatic Music concerts all over Kerala and other places.He  proved his substantial skills by composing music for so many professional drama songs and more than fifty film songs also.
L.P.R. Varma was born in 1926 at Lakshmi Puram Palace at 'Puzhavath' in Changanassery Taluk of Kottayam District.He was a member of the 'Thekkumkoor Dynasty'  and in this Royal Family was Kerala Varma Valia Koi Thampuran and A.R.Raja Raja Varma were  born.Kerala Verma Valia Koi Thampuran was a great Malayalam Poet and his book 'Mayoora Sandesam' which he wrote supposing  peacock as a messenger is very popular and considers as an intellectual work.A.R. Raja Raja Varma is known as 'Kerala Panini' and he is still an authority of Malayalam Grammar through his books.He wrote several books which are all turned to be reference books  of Malayalam literature.L.P.R.Verma was born in this Royal clan to parents Vasudevan Nampoothirippad and Mangalabhai Thampuratty.
With Kathakali Exponents Guru Chengannur Raman Pillai ,Chennithala Chellappan Pillai,Harippad Ramakrishnan etc.Standing extreme right is L.P.R.Varma
His real name was 'Pooram Thirunal Rama Varma,' and completed schooling from Changanassery Perunna N.S.S.High School.Later he joined at Thiruvanathapuram Swathi Thirunal Music College and passed 'Gana Bhooshanam' course in  Classical Music.His teachers were Mavelikkara Veeramani Ayyar and Madurai Kesava Bhagavathar.
From the age of 20 itself he  earned name as a brilliant Carnatic Classical performer and started concerts in every nook and corner of Kerala.
Meanwhile he started music composition and turned to be the most sought music composer by all professional drama troupes of Kerala.He composed several famous songs for 'Kerala Theaters' and K.P.A.C. Drama troupes.
He sang songs for a few films and dramas as well.His debut film  as a playback singer  was 'Avan Varunnu' produced by Udaya Studios.He sang songs for seven films and Composed music for about 50 songs of Malayalam films.'Sthree Hridayam' was the first film in which he composed music when he was 30 years old.
"Sthree Hridayam,Sthanarthi Saramma,Ollathu Mathi,Kudumbini, Sandhya Vandanam,Mayor Nair,Thottavadi" etc were the films he composed music.
The song 'Akkarapachayile ' and other songs of film 'Sthanarthi Saramma' earned accolodales.
The song 'Anjatha Sakhi athma sakhi anuraga narmada' earned National Award for Best Music Composition and Yesudas got  National Award for the first time  as playback singer in 1969 for this song which was composed by L.P.R.Varma  for the film 'Ollathu Mathi'

'Veedinu Ponnani Vilakku nee tharavadinu nidhi nee kudimbini' which was sung by C.O.Anto in 'Kudumbini' is nostalgia for music lovers still now.
The song 'Parunnu Parannu Parannu chellan pattatha kadukalil'  a drama song which was music composed and sung by L.P.R.Varma  is still loved a lot.
He introduced playback singer P.Jayachandran to Malayalam film field.A song 'Upasana Upasana ithu dhanyamamorupasana' is one of the fantastic songs of Jayachandran from the film 'Thottavadi' of which  music  was composed by L.P.R.Varma.

L.P.R.Varma Foundation program


L.P.R.Varma received Sangeetha Nataka Academy Award for Classical Music in 1978.He got Kerala Government Award for Music Composition in Professional Drama for the year 1985.



He demised nine years back and L.P.R.Varma Foundation was established in his memory.An award named 'Sangeetha Ratnakara Award' was initiated in his name and its first recipient was Shri.K.J.Yesudas.

Monday, August 13, 2012

DIRECTOR P.RAMADAS

When the first neo-realistic film in Malayalam was Directed by P. Ramadas, the film industry was only in childhood stage in the State.Up to the 50's Drama field was well flourished and going in full swing but people were being attracted to  the gimmicks of cinema and the unrealistic, wonderful  scenes on screen.So people impressed by cinema preferred  cinema houses rather than drama stages and new film theatres as well as film producers were emerging one by one.Continuous film production was also started.Two film studios were functioning well during that time in Kerala-  'Merryland' at Trivandrum and 'Udaya' at Alapuzha.To attract more viewers to the cinema theatres, films with mythological and historical themes  which use elaborate sets and costumes,mesmerising songs and dances,thrilling fight scenes etc were all usually included  in such films.Other films also contained all sorts of entertainment elements.
It was in such a situation that P.Ramadas, a young student-hailing from Trissur, who was studying at M.G.College,Trivandrum  planned to produce and direct a film.When he read an article in 'Filmfare' that Raj Kapoor was the youngest film director, the inspiration to direct a film and if possible attain the title as the youngest director came to his mind.When he learnt that his classmate 'Parameswaran' was also an aspirant to produce a film, they worked out to materialize that dream.
P.Ramadas performorming Switch-on for a Film
P.Ramadas was involved in the running of a magazine named 'Mahatma' and he had published a story titled 'Compositor' in it.Both the friends thought of filming that story by making slight changes.The screenplay was written by Ramadas himself and the dialogues were written by famous writer/Novelist 
Nagavally R.S.Kurup.The protagonist in the film was a character named 'Appu' 
who was a twelve year boy and was handled by a  boy by name 'Mony' who was relative of Nagavally R.S.Kurup.Nagavally handled the role as Appu's father 'Sankaran Nair'.Nagavally had prior experience of acting in two or three films.Prem Nazir's first heroine 'Neyyattinkara Komalam', a four year boy named Narendran,Adoor Pankajam,Veeran,Kuriathy,Omana etc acted in this film.
P.Ramadas and his friends were having  no experience in film making and P.Ramadas had no technical  knowledge except some details    acquired from books which  he read from British Library in Trivandrum.Still he dared to direct the film himself.The switch-on ceremony was held by Col.Godavarmaraja.
The indoor scenes were taken at 'Merryland Studios' while the outdoor scenes were shot at places in Trissur,Ernakulam and Madras.
Nagavally R.S.Kurup
The story was centred on the 12 year boy 'Appu'  the son of a worker in a press and his mother was working as housemaid in a wealthy house nearby.They were still in utter poverty.The boy's father lost his job after an injury from the printing press and dies later.Appu went in search of a job to Madras City where he struggled a lot.Meanwhile his mother also dies of a disease.Appu came back and determines to become a 'Newspaper Boy' to earn a living for himself and his siblings. 
This story was filmed by Ramadas with sequences very close to reality and all the actors acted well including the central character 'Appu'.The audience but were not at all interested to watch their own replica of life on screen.P.Ramadas walked ahead of time was his mistake and the film flopped.He and his friends became bankrupt.
The film 'Newspaper Boy' earned critical acclaim from all over India and the director was also appreciated widely.But the failure in box Office kept him away from films and after taking University Degree, he studied law and became an Advocate.Moreover he earned M.D. in alternative Medicine and started practising without taking money from his patients.
In 1975 he produced/directed  another film 'Niramala' in which Raghavan,Ravi Menon,Sujatha,Jameela Malick etc acted  and in 1981 yet another film by name 'Vadaveettile Athithi'.
He was given 'J.C.Daniel Award for 2007' by Government of Kerala, which is the highest film award in  Kerala, for his contributions to Cinema.


As the first producer  and director of Neo-realistic Malayalam film he made history and at the same time changed the history of films which were involved in incredible shots and scenes of fantasies only  to a world of reality too.