Thursday, September 19, 2013

V.DAKSHINA MOORTHY

V.Dakshina Moorthy, better known as Dakshina Moorthy Swamy or just 'Swamy' was a renowned Carnatic Musician and Music director of Malayalam Films.He has composed music for several Tamil Films and also for some Hindi films.He composed music for more than 125 films( for more than 850 songs) during a long span of 50 years.
Dakshina Moorthy Swamy was the son of D.Venkitaraman Iyer and Parvathy Ammal and was born at  Alapuzha on 9 December 1919.His mother was also a musician who knew several 'Keerthanams' and taught him many Thyagaraja Keerthanams in his childhood age itself by finding out  his intrinsic musical talents.At the age of ten he started to learn Carnatic music under Venkitachalam Potti of Thiruvananthapuram.He had his arangetram (first public programme) at Ambalapuzha Sree Krishna Swamy Temple when he was 13 years old.He continued tutelage under Guru Venkitachalam Potti  after completing S.S.L.C course.
Later Swamy stayed for more than 3 years at 'Vaikom' teaching some students.During that period he was a regular visitor at the 'Vakom Dakshinamoorthy Temple' and became a firm devotee of 'Lord Shiva' of that temple.
From 1942 onwards he visited Chennai several times to perform musical programmes for 'Madras AIR station.'In 1948 he got chance to compose a 'Sloka'(Four lined hymn) for the Malayalam film 'Nalla Thanka' which was produced by M.Kunchacko and K.V.Koshy.From that year he settled at Mylapore in Chennai.
The heroes of 'Nalla Thanka' movie was Augatine Joseph and Vaikom Mani.Augastine Joseph, was also a singer who also sang songs for that film.Today's famous playback singer K.J.Yesudas is his son.Yesudas sang large number of songs composed by Dakshina Moorthy Swamy.Vijay Yesudas -son of K.J.Yesudas sang songs under the music direction of 'Swamy'.Vijay's daughter 'Ameya' sang a song which was composed music by Swamy for the film 'Shyama Ragam'.This is a rare and amazing acquaintance which delights the music lovers.
After 'Nalla Thanka' Swamy composed music for films like 'Jeevitha Nauka,Navalokam,Viyarpinte Vila,Sree Guruvayoorappan,Kadamattathachan' etc and thus became an established music director.
The duo between  lyrics writer Sreekumaran Thampi and Dakshina Moorthy produced large number of super hit songs.
Songs like "Uthara Swayamvaram Kathakali Kanuvan"
"Manohari Nin Manoradhathil"
"Kakkathamburatty Karutha Manavatty"
"Hridaya Sarassile Pranaya Pushpame"
"Asoka Poonila vidarum Gramam" etc are examples.
Some other hit songs of Dakshina Moorthy Swamy are
"Kakka Kuyie Chollu Kai nokkanariyamo"
"Innale Neeyoru Sundara Ganamayen"
"Paattu Padi Urakkam Njan Thamarapoom paithale"
"Kattile Pazhmulam Thandil ninnum"
"Chitra sila palikal kondoru"
"Pulayanar Maniyamma Poomulla Kavilamma"
"Gopi Chandana Kuriyaninju"
"Chandanathil Kadanjeduthoru Sundari Silpam"
"Karkoondal Kettilenthinu Vasana thailam"
"Tharaka Roopini Neeyennum ennude"
"Swapnangal Swapnangale Ningal"
Dakshinamoorthy effectively used Carnatic raagas for his film songs such that they all possesses the 'bhavas' effectively mingled in them.He used the most appropriate tunes best suited for those lines and the songs will remain eternal for ever.
His disciples included N.C.Vasantha Kokilam,Kaviyoor Revamma and Kalyani Menon.
He was 'Guru' to singers like P.Leela,P.Susheela.Brahmanandan and also music director Ilaya Raja.
Swami was not suffering from any diseases at the time of death but had only normal old age problems.Death occurred around 6.30 P.M. at his residence in Mylapore,Chennai on Friday,2 August 2013.
May his soul rest in peace.