Tuesday, December 23, 2014

RAICHAND BORAL

Raichand Boral was a great film music composer and considered by music legends to be the father of Indian Cinema music.
He was born on 19th October 1903 in Bhagalpur, Bengal as the youngest son of a classical music exponent.He and his brothers were introduced to music  their father himself and later renowned music teachers were arranged to teach the children.He learnt under music exponents from Rampur and Gwalior  like Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan,Masit Khan(Tabla player),Ustad Hafeeez Ali Khan(Sarod player) etc.

Raichand turned to be one of the most talented music composer of that period.In 1927 he joined Indian broadcasting Company.In 1931 he joined New Theatres of Calcutta as a live musician.At that period many films in Hindi were also made in Calcutta.He worked in almost 150 films  in both Hindi and Bengali languages as a music composer.He incorporated the Ghazal style of singing into the 19th century Bengali tunes through the medium of string instruments.
The famous music composer Pankaj Mullick also worked along with him in several films.
He was referred as the 'Bhishma Pitamah' of Indian Film music  by Anil Biswas.
His music style was followed in Hindi and many other languages in Indian








cinema for about 20-30 years in the beginning period of talkies.
He along with his friends introduced playback singing for the first time in Indian cinema.It was in 1935 that a Bengali language film 'Bhagya Chakra' was directed  by Nitin Bose.The brother of Nitin Bose 'Mukul Bose' was sound engineer  at New Theatres and the music composers of the film were Raichand Boral along with Pankaj Mullick.The team implemented playback singing in that film for the first time in India.The film was remade as 'Dhoop Chhaon' in Hindi in the same year and playback singing was introduced  in the Hindi version also.
In 1953 he moved to Bombay and there he worked for the film 'Dard-e-Dil' with songs sung by Lata Mangeshkar.
His popular compositions include  films like 'Puran Bhagat,Chandidas,Dhoop Chhaon,Manzil,Devdas,Ananth Ashram,Vidyapati,Sapera,Haar Jeet,Lagon,Saugand' etc.
In the year 1978 he was awarded 'Dada Saheb Phalke Award' the highest cinema award of India.In the same year he was awarded 'Sangeet Natak Akademy Award'.
He died on 25th November 1981 in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Selected Filmography
Chirakumar Sabha
Chandidas
Meerabai
Yahudi ki Ladki
Rajrani Meera
Puran Bhagat
Bhagya Chakra
Karwana Hayat
Inquilab
Dhoop Chhaon
Maya
Manzil
Karodpati
Grihadag
Devdas
Bidyapati
Badi Bahen
Ananth Ashram
Didi
Abhigyan
Street Singer
Parajay
Jawani Ki Reet
Sapera
Rajat Jayanti
Abhinetri
Haar Jeet
Parichay
Hamrahi
Bishnupriya
Swamiji
Pehla Aadmi
Dard-e-Dil
Swami Vivekananda
Sagar Sangamey

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