Tuesday, December 23, 2014

RAICHAND BORAL

Raichand Boral was a great film music composer and considered by music legends to be the father of Indian Cinema music.
He was born on 19th October 1903 in Bhagalpur, Bengal as the youngest son of a classical music exponent.He and his brothers were introduced to music  their father himself and later renowned music teachers were arranged to teach the children.He learnt under music exponents from Rampur and Gwalior  like Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan,Masit Khan(Tabla player),Ustad Hafeeez Ali Khan(Sarod player) etc.

Raichand turned to be one of the most talented music composer of that period.In 1927 he joined Indian broadcasting Company.In 1931 he joined New Theatres of Calcutta as a live musician.At that period many films in Hindi were also made in Calcutta.He worked in almost 150 films  in both Hindi and Bengali languages as a music composer.He incorporated the Ghazal style of singing into the 19th century Bengali tunes through the medium of string instruments.
The famous music composer Pankaj Mullick also worked along with him in several films.
He was referred as the 'Bhishma Pitamah' of Indian Film music  by Anil Biswas.
His music style was followed in Hindi and many other languages in Indian








cinema for about 20-30 years in the beginning period of talkies.
He along with his friends introduced playback singing for the first time in Indian cinema.It was in 1935 that a Bengali language film 'Bhagya Chakra' was directed  by Nitin Bose.The brother of Nitin Bose 'Mukul Bose' was sound engineer  at New Theatres and the music composers of the film were Raichand Boral along with Pankaj Mullick.The team implemented playback singing in that film for the first time in India.The film was remade as 'Dhoop Chhaon' in Hindi in the same year and playback singing was introduced  in the Hindi version also.
In 1953 he moved to Bombay and there he worked for the film 'Dard-e-Dil' with songs sung by Lata Mangeshkar.
His popular compositions include  films like 'Puran Bhagat,Chandidas,Dhoop Chhaon,Manzil,Devdas,Ananth Ashram,Vidyapati,Sapera,Haar Jeet,Lagon,Saugand' etc.
In the year 1978 he was awarded 'Dada Saheb Phalke Award' the highest cinema award of India.In the same year he was awarded 'Sangeet Natak Akademy Award'.
He died on 25th November 1981 in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Selected Filmography
Chirakumar Sabha
Chandidas
Meerabai
Yahudi ki Ladki
Rajrani Meera
Puran Bhagat
Bhagya Chakra
Karwana Hayat
Inquilab
Dhoop Chhaon
Maya
Manzil
Karodpati
Grihadag
Devdas
Bidyapati
Badi Bahen
Ananth Ashram
Didi
Abhigyan
Street Singer
Parajay
Jawani Ki Reet
Sapera
Rajat Jayanti
Abhinetri
Haar Jeet
Parichay
Hamrahi
Bishnupriya
Swamiji
Pehla Aadmi
Dard-e-Dil
Swami Vivekananda
Sagar Sangamey

Thursday, December 4, 2014

BIMAL ROY

The film director/producer Bimal Roy was a trend setter who gave much contributions to Indian cinema and will be ever remembered.
His films like 'Parineeta,Do Bigha Zameen,Madhumati,Bandini'Sujata' etc influenced  so much for the progress of better cinema in  Indian feature films.
He was well noted for his manifestation of social and romantic films in a realistic manner.He paved way for the artistic films and parallel films with the success of his classic film 'Do Bigha Zameen'.His films could be enjoyed by all sectors of the society and while he portrayed them in a realistic manner those films kept and contained  the entertainment values also so that  many of them were commercial successes.
Bimal Roy was born in Bengal province in the year 1909 and his entry to film field was as a camera assistant at 'New Theatres Pvt.Ltd' at Calcutta.
He worked as assistant to film maker P.C.Barua and worked with him in the famous film like 'Devdas' in which K.L.Saighal was the hero.
After working there till 1950 he shifted to Mumbai with  his team members that  included 'Hrishikesh Mukherjee,Asit Sen,Salil Choudhary,Kamal Bose' etc  who all became very popular soon.
His film 'Parineeta'(54) based on a Bengali novel by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay in which Askok Kumar and Meena Kumari acted as the main pair was well received by the audience.His portrayal of social and romantic themes in a realistic manner  earned critical acclaim. 'Do Bigha Zameen' was a film which he directed in 1953 in a classical and artistic manner.
Do Bigha Zameen won International prize at Cannes Film Festival.It won All India certificate of Merit for Best feature film.
His film 'Biraj Bahu' won All India certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film next year.
His film 'Devdas' received certificate of merit for Best feature film in Hindi on the year 1955.
In 1958 President's silver medal was received for his film 'Madhumati'.
In 1959 All India Certificate of Merit for 3rd Best feature film was given for his film 'Sujata'.
In 1963 Best feature film in Hindi was given for his film 'Bandini'.
















In 1953 Filmfare Award for Best feature film and Best Director was given to him for the film 'Do Bigha Zameen'.
Filmfare Best Director Award was given to him in 1954 for 'Parineeta' and in 1955 for 'Biraj Bahu'.
In 1958  Filmfare gave Best Film Award for 'Madhumati' and Best Director Award for 'Madhumati'.
Filmfare gave Best Film Award and Best Director Award to Bimal Roy for his film 'Sujata' in 1959.
Filmfare gave Best Director Award in 1960 to Bimal Roy for his film 'Parakh'.
In 1963 Filmfare gave Best Film Award and Best Director Award to Bimal Roy for his film 'Bandini'.
His film 'Do Bigha Zameen' was rated as one among '25 Must see Bollywood Films' by  'India Times Movies'.
Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy were the main actors of this film.
'Abhi Bhattacharya and Kamini Kaushal were the main actors of 'Biraj Bahu' which he directed in 54.
Dilip Kumar and Vyjayanthimala were the pair of 'Devdas'(1955).
Madhumati which was produced and directed by Bimal Roy in 1958 won award as Best feature film in Hindi, and 9 Filmfare Awards including 'Best Film,Best Director,Best Music Director,Best Female playback singer,Best Dialogues,Best Art Direction and Best Cinematographer'.Dilip Kumar and Vyjanthimala were the main pair of this film and it was a big commercial success.
Sunil Dutt and Nutan were the main pair of 'Sujata' and the movie entered into the 1960 Cannes Film Festival.
Ashok Kumar,Nutan and Dharmendra were the main actors of 'Bandini' which was produced and directed by Bimal Roy in 1963.The film was based on a Bengali Novel by Charu Chandra Chakraborty.Bandini was the 10th highest grosser of that year.
A postage stamp was issued by India post in his honour in 2007.
Bimal Roy passed away on 8th January 1965.
Selected Filmography
Hamrahi
Pehla Aadmi
Maa
Do Bigha Zameen
Parineeta
Naukri
Biraj Bahu
Baap Beti
Devdas
Yahudi
Madhumati
Sujata
Parakh
Prem Patra
Bandini