Tuesday, March 24, 2015

VERGHESE KURIEN - 'FATHER OF THE WHITE REVOLUTION'

Dr.Verghese Kurien was the  founding Chairman of the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCNNF) and also served as the Chairman of the National Dairy Development Board for 33 years, from 1965 to 1998.He was lovingly given the titles 'Father of the White Revolution' and also as 'The Milkman of India'.
Verghese Kurien was born in a Syrian Christian family of Kozhikode, Kerala on November 26, 1921.He graduated in Science from Loyola College Chennai, and also got degree in Mechanical Engineering from 'Guindy Collge of Engineering Chennai'.He worked for a short period at Tata Steel, TISCO,Jamshedpur which was headed by his maternal granduncle John Mathai, who later became India's Finance Minister.
Kurien had received special training at Imperial Institute of Animal husbandry and Dairying in Bangalore.He got a government scholarship and went to Michigan State University,USA from where he completed his Masters' degree in Mechanical Engineering and Dairy engineering was a part of it.after returning from US he was posted at the Creamery in Khera District of Gujarat State where he worked for two years.
It was at this time that he encountered with 'Tribhuvandas Patel' and joined their 'Khera district Cooperative Milk producers Union' in 1949.Later the dairy processing unit was installed at the place 'Anand' and the 'Anand Milk Producers Union Ltd' launched their products under the brand name 'Amul'.Their motives became a big success and Kurien had keen interest to provide the large part of the benefits to the farmers.The Cooperative society which was only collecting 5000 litres of milk in 1948, now procures over 100 lakh  litres daily  from 3 million farmers of 16000 village level  societies.


When 'Amul' became a big success under the guidance of Verghese Kurien, the then  Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri took initiative to establish National Dairy Development Board(NDDB) to replicate the Amul model success across the country and Kurien was made its Chairman.He served in this post for 33 years from 1965 to 1998.He is acclaimed as the architect of 'White Revolution' and was mainly responsible to make India to become the biggest milk producing country in the world.To make this practically possible he launched innovative schemes  in 1970 and achieved his dream with hard work,enthusiasm and dedication. 
He received several awards and recognition.He received Padma Shri from Government of India in 1965 and Padma Bhushan in 1966.He was awarded 'Kris






hi Ratna Award' in 1986, he received World Food Prize,USA in 1989, and he was given 'Padma Vibhushan' award from Government of India in 1999.
Dr.Verghese Kurien Passed away on 9th September 2012 at the age of 90. 

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